Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASIA), as one of the earliest national automation institutes in China, was established in October, 1956. In 1968, in order to accelerate development of space technology in China, CASIA was included in China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), renamed as Institute of Space Control Technology and designated as 502 Institute of People’s Liberation Army of China. In 1970, CAS reestablished CASIA according to the needs of development in automation technology.
For over sixty years, CASIA has made great contributions to national economy construction, social progress, scientific and technological development and national security. In the initial stage of China, CASIA pioneered control science and engineering of China, making historical contributions to “Two Bombs & One Satellite”. During the period of Chinese economic reform, CASIA opened up the new area in pattern recognition and intelligent and intelligent information processing in China and actively tried in transformation of science and technology achievements, setting up CAISG. At the end of 2011, CASIA entered Innovation 2020, a leap development framework of CAS. The institute has developed effective innovative pilot projects and made significant achievements focusing on scientific and technological innovation, industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, team construction and talent training, reform of system and mechanism.
The institute focuses on three main areas of intelligent technology: intelligent processing of massive information; intelligent control of complex systems; and integrated intelligent systems. CASIA produces innovative theory, key technology and conceptual systems to meet the strategic needs of the nation and of industry, making it well known worldwide in the field of intelligence science and technology, construction of innovative culture etc., which has laid solid foundation for creative leap and sustainable development of CASIA.
The institute has 12 research departments, including National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, The State Key Laboratory of Management and Control for Complex Systems, National Engineering & Technology Research Center for ASIC (NECFAD), Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, CAS, Intelligent Manufacturing Technology and System Research Center, Integrated Information System Research Center, Digital Content Technology and Media Service Research Center, Precise Perception and Control Research Center, Aerospace Information Research Center, Brainnetome Center, Center for Research on Intelligent Perception and Computing and Research Center for Brain-inspired Intelligence. In addition, it has various kinds of united labs and engineering centers co-built with international and social innovative units and additionally has over 10 high-tech holding companies such as Hanvon, Sciample etc.
Up to the end of 2019, the institute has 896 full-time staff, of which 795 are professors and 54 scientific support staff. CASIA has two CAS Members; 1 TWAS Member; 92 professors and senior engineers; 229 associate professors and associate senior engineers; 4 chief scientists of National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program), 11 IEEE fellows and 14 winners of National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. For education and training, the institute currently has 663 graduate students, including 407 PhD students and 256 Master students, as well as 59 post-docs. The School of Artificial Intelligence of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (known as UCAS), the first school focusing on AI worldwide, was established with support from CASIA. The school has received its first group of students in 2017.
In recent years, CASIA has won more than 30 awards at provincial and ministerial level. The number of papers published is increasing and quality is improving year by year. In 2015, CASIA ranked No .7 worldwide for publications in the field of AI, according to Elsevier. Patent application and the number of patent grants have ranked top ten in Beijing scientific research systems. In addition, CASIA has achieved numerous scientific research results to industrialization. “Brainnetome” concept has attracted broad attention and won favorable reception by international counterparts. Core technology of iris recognition has made great breakthrough and paved the way of “Made in China” by combination of industry-university-research institution interactive and joint action mechanism. ZTSpeech Cloud, based on speech recognition technology of CASIA, has been popularized in Alibaba’s mobile client products, such as Taobao, Come & Go etc. Speech synthesis technology has successfully entered Baidu Cloud and a series of embedded products. Molecular Imaging Surgery Navigation System has passed safe and effective inspection and certification of medical apparatus and instruments by State Food and Drug Administration and applied in clinic. MaPU has completed ASIC front-end design and it has achieved important progress in intelligent TV, wireless communication and supercomputing etc. The developed robotic dolphin has realized highest line speed 1.5 times than its length and it has first achieved robotic dolphin completely jumping out of water in the global. “Intelligent Video Surveillance” and “Face Recognition Technology” have respectively been applied in security work of 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and Expo 2010 Shanghai. “Intelligent Management System and Application in Petrochemical Enterprise Based on ACP Method” has been used in Maoming Petrochemical and Qilu Petrochemical successively, which has provided effective tools for realization of sophisticated production and management of enterprises and has won Scientific and Technological Progress Award in China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Automation. The Carnival of The Animals, Elk Legend and The Firefox of Bunnington Burrows has been evaluated as excellent animated films in the 12th, 13th and 14th China Huabiao Award.
Embarking On a new journey, CASIA shall make every effort to realize efficient, democratic, harmonious, environment-friendly and world-famous national institute with strong scientific and technological innovation and sustainable development ability and make more contributions to the development of science and technology in China.